The variety of styles for the exterior of the house makes you choose and study for a long time the signs of these directions. To make this choice easier, you need to determine what the main tasks are assigned to the facade of the house. Among them are thermal insulation, decorative properties, ensuring convenient use, the presence of elements for a variety of functionality (stairs, doors, shutters, garage doors, etc.), environmental friendliness, ensuring an optimal microclimate, financial component and much more. According to the importance of these criteria, you need to select the style of the building.
General style characteristics
We can say that classic minimalism is a relatively new style in the construction of buildings. Such architecture has appeared in Russia recently. But at the same time, you can already observe the manifestations of this trend in residential buildings and other buildings..
Elementary forms can be considered the main feature of modern minimalism. Simplicity and ease of understanding the elements used makes this style more popular every day. The use of large windows will create additional space in the room, which is characteristic of this direction..
Among the shades that are most characteristic in this case:
For facades, light plaster, stone and wood are suitable. The naturalness of colors and materials is able to relax and soothe by its mere appearance.
This direction of architecture is characterized by dynamic development. The slogan under which minimalism is gaining momentum sounds like «less is more». It was first proclaimed by Ludwig Mee swan der Rohe, a famous architect.
Minimalist home designers should strive to select the best materials with relatively little use. The same goes for decoration and accessories. The brightest representatives of European minimalism emerged from Japanese architecture and the Dutch bureau DeStill.
This trend in the architecture of buildings proves that it is possible to emphasize the structure of natural material without using additional decorative elements. Items in the interior of such a house tend to be multifunctional. For example, the absence of radiators can be replaced with underfloor heating. This is a great way to save indoor space..
In addition to the above, minimalism is characterized by simple geometric shapes and obvious volumes. The play of light and shadow is one of the common design techniques. Glass elements on the doors and roof help achieve the desired effect both inside and outside the building.
House designs in the style of minimalism
There are many techniques for using the minimalism style in construction. Projects in this architectural direction easily blend into any environment.
One of the popular options is the cottage. Horizontal lines and rectilinear shapes are in harmony with vertical details. Vertically elongated windows and high doors are suitable here. In addition, cantilever roof overhangs can be used to create additional space under their awnings..
Usually in such houses an additional functional load falls on the roof. There you can place an observation deck or a terrace. This move will create additional usable area. The entrance to the roof can be arranged in isolation from the main part of the residential building. A small extension for household needs will allow not to use the main space of the cottage for technical purposes. Heating boiler, laundry equipment and other household appliances can be stored and used separately. The recommended area of such a structure will be about 200 sq. m.
The technical guidelines for building are simple:
- monolithic foundation;
- reinforced concrete frame;
- walls made of foam concrete;
- monolithic reinforced concrete floors;
- facade finished «warm» plaster;
- wood siding.
Such a structure will look harmonious in a courtyard paved with paving stones. Additional greenery on the site will create the necessary feeling of unity with nature. It is better to decorate the terrace with a natural board.
This project is good for its economy. A one-story building assumes minimal costs for the design and implementation of communications, while maintaining the space and functionality of all premises.
If the building area is small, then the project can be changed. When the premises inside the house cannot occupy more than 150 sq. m, it is necessary to use zoning. Such a house must be brought as close as possible to the boundaries of the site in order to leave free space for a small yard. Open space is one of the hallmarks of a minimalist style, both in the interior and exterior..
Huge windows will create a panorama that eliminates the feeling of cramped space in a limited space. Such projects involve direct access from the living room to the terrace. During the warmer months, this is a very useful technique. To merge the interior of a house with a terrace, it is better to use transparent sliding structures. This will temporarily erase the line between the house and the street..
Such a structure is performed using:
- load-bearing walls made of aerated concrete blocks;
- metal racks;
- monolithic foundation;
- monolithic reinforced concrete floors;
- stone wool insulation;
- finishes from «warm» plaster;
- wooden siding;
- drywall for painting;
- decorative panels;
- ceramic tiles.
The courtyard can also be decorated with paving stones, and the terrace with natural planks.
Another project can become a full-fledged residential building. The main characteristic of such a structure will be the absolute visibility of the territory from the outside of the house. The whole space is saturated with fresh air. This is provided by a large amount of glazing, two floors and a terrace.
It is advisable to make an exit to the site and make a carport in the same style. It is better if all sites are as open as possible. It is necessary to strive to compactly fit the buildings onto the site in order to save space for the yard, garden and lawn. If the terrace can be located on the sunny side, then it can be comfortably used for most of the year..
Materials for construction can be:
- overlapping slate cladding;
- planken terrace cladding;
- terrace floors made of natural boards;
- window frames and doors are made of natural wood, contrasting in color with the walls;
- the frame of the house is made of wood;
- mineral wool is used as insulation;
- inside the walls and stairs are made of wood;
The foundation of such a structure should be lightweight, and the roof should be pitched. The building will fit perfectly into the courtyard lined with paving stones.
Any minimalist home project can be changed according to the owner’s taste and wishes. The list of advantages of buildings made in this direction includes the opportunity to experiment and endless space for the designer’s imagination.